If “hyaluronic acid” sounds like something from a horror movie and “ceramide” reminds you of pottery work, you’re not the only one. Unless you have dedicated a lot of time to studying product labels, because it will be very difficult to memorize and experience these terms and names.

Here are 4 secret ingredients for skin care:

Peptide

what are peptides are segments of protein molecules that have the function of giving certain commands to cells. In the skin, peptides can increase the production of elastin (elastin helps the skin to be more bouncy) or helps restore wounded skin damage.

How it works: peptides for sale in anti-aging products will enter skin cells, and direct cells to do things like produce collagen, lighten red skin or help muscles relax more, and because of that can reduce wrinkles. Other uses of peptides that do not react directly are peptides that are so small that they can penetrate skin cells. Useful to help the distribution of other substances. For example a copper peptide, carrying bronze molecules into the skin further up where it can help treat the skin from the inside.

Hyaluronic Acid

What it is: A substance that naturally forms in the body that is useful for regulating cell regeneration, connective muscle lubrication and maintaining moisture and ensuring skin.

How it works: When used, hyaluronic acid makes a moisturizing layer on the skin, helping to soften the skin. This material can absorb 1000x of water from the amount of time, which has extraordinary properties to keep the skin from dehydrating. As an injectable material, this acid is useful for “filling” wrinkles and aging lines. Because this acid is naturally present in the body, it can be a safe alternative to synthetic materials and has a low chance of being rejected by the body because it is identified as a foreign substance. However the molecules of this acid are quite large and cannot completely penetrate the outer layer of the skin.

Retinol

What it is: The active form of the vitamin A molecule

How it works: Retinol is a very strong exfoilant, making the skin release dead and problematic skin cells, making you younger and healthier. Retinol also increases the production of hyalurnic acid and collagen, making it healthier and softer. Using retinol can increase skin firmness, reverse the adverse effects of UV rays and the environment, help eliminate acne and reduce the process of hyperpigmentatio, dark circles, aging lines and wrinkles. No wonder that retinol is one of the main ingredients in skin care.

Ceramide

What is it: molecules made of fat, commonly found in environments with high concentrations between cell membranes. At the top layer of the skin, ceramide attaches skin cells, forming a protective layer that fills the skin and retains moisture. (imagine cells as bricks and ceramide as all.)

How it works: In skin care products, ceramide is used to restore natural tissue lost due to exposure to an environment that is not friendly to the skin, the use of drying, and because of the aging process. Ceramide restores moisture, enhances skin’s natural defenses and helps fight damage due to factors outside the body. Ceramide also helps cure eczema.